Febrile seizures occur in young children. The age range is usually three months to five or six years old. Febrile seizures can occur more frequently in families that have a history of febrile seizures. Occurring if a child’s parents, siblings, or close relatives have had a febrile seizure. Occurrence rate is 2% to 5% of all children. A child appears to only have a fever until convulsions begin.
During the seizure make sure the area is clear of harmful objects and turn the child on their side. Tylenol or Advil may be given for the fever, but not keep the seizure from coming on. If the seizure occurs for five minutes or longer, call 911 or go a hospital’s emergency room. Daily treatment may not be needed. Medication will be used if the child has more than one seizure. Fifty percent of children that have a seizure before tuning one will have another seizure. Children older than one have a 25% chance of having another seizure. Scar tissue in the temporal lobe of the brain can occur if a febrile seizure lasts longer than thirty minutes.
More information can be found on the Epilepsy Foundation’s web site, http://www.epilepsy.com/learn/types-seizures/febrile-seizures. Information about genetic epilepsy can be found here, http://hmg.oxfordjournals.org/content/9/1/87.full.